Characteristics of pregnant women with anemia


Ugi Sugiarsih
Eneng Solehah


Background: Anemia is a global health problem. The prevalence of anemia in pregnant women worldwide is 38.2 percent. 50 percent of cases of anemia are caused by iron deficiency. Anemia in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage, infection, and length of hospitalization, while in the fetus and newborn, iron deficiency anemia can cause stunted fetal growth, low birth weight, and preterm birth. The occurrence of anemia in pregnant women is maternal age, education, occupation, knowledge and Body Mass Index (BMI). The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between the characteristics of pregnant women and anemia

Method: Using an analytical observational design with a cross-sectional approach. The population in this study were all pregnant women, with a sample of 68 respondents, the technique of taking samples was accidental. sampling, the data were analyzed by chi square test.

Result: The results showed that pregnant women with moderate anemia were 76.6 percent and mild anemia were 26.3 percent, there was no significant correlation between maternal age and p value = 0.07, education p = 0.0.24, mother's occupation p value = 1.00, knowledge p = 0.97 with anemia, BMI was significantly related to the incidence of anemia with p = 0.04

Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between BMI and anemia, while maternal age, education, occupation and knowledge are not associated with anemia.