Family Empowerment in Accelerating Colostrum Expenditure in Postpartum

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Rika Resmana
Ferina Ferina
Dian Nur Hadianti

Abstract

Background : Exclusive breastfeeding for babies for the first 6 months is one of the government programs. The achievement of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia has not yet reached the target. Based on data from Riskesdas 2018, the achievement of exclusive breastfeeding has only reached 50% of the target (42% of 80%). One of the factors that cause this problem is that breast milk does not come out immediately after giving birth and there is little milk production. The slow timing of milk expulsion and less milk production in the first days postpartum are caused by low stimulation of the hormones prolactin and oxytocin. One effort to increase the work of the hormone oxytocin in breastfeeding is to provide non-pharmacological stimuli with oxytocin massage techniques. Oxytocin massage is spinal massage on the 5th-6th ribs to the scapula (shoulder bone). Oxytocin massage has not been widely applied in the community because public knowledge about oxytocin massage is still low. Oxytocin massage can be done by pregnant women starting from the third trimester of pregnancy so that after the mother gives birth, breast milk can come out faster


Methods : The community service activities carried out in Sukajadi District, Bandung City amounted to 20 people consisting of third trimester pregnant women and their families. Pregnant women and their families are given education using the lecture method with booklet media which is equipped with video playback of oxytocin massage and direct oxytocin massage practice to pregnant women


Conclusion : The results of the education showed that there was an increase in the knowledge of pregnant women and their families about the lactation process and oxytocin massage. Increased knowledge of pregnant women and their families before and after education, will encourage families to apply oxytocin massage and babies will have the opportunity to get colostrum and exclusive breastfeeding

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