COLD COMPRESS FOR REDUCE PERINEAL WOUNDS PAIN : EVIDENCE BASED CASE REPORT

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Annisa Triska Almanda Dewi
Yuni Nuchasanah
Wiwin Widayani

Abstract


Introduction: Perineal tear due to labor can cause secondary pain in postpartum women. Not resolved pain will be negative impact on the social and emotional of the mother. The one of non-pharmacological method in reducing perineal pain is cold compress.


Method: This report is evidence based case report (EBCR). The evidence articles searched on science direct, google scholar, and Pubmed databased that were published in the last 5 years with cold method on perineal pain as the keywords. The articles selected with inclusion and exclusion criteria, then analyzed to become the basis cold compress application on this report.


Objectives: This report discusses cold compress as one of methods for reducing perineal pain.


Result: Cold compress reduced perineal wound pain and the application process was comfortable.


Conclusion: Cold compress was easy and affordable as perineal pain relief.

References

Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Dashe JS, Hoffman BL, Casey BM, et al. Williams Obstetrics. Vol. 25. 2018.

Brito APA, Caldeira CF, Salvetti MDG. Prevalence, characteristics, and impact of pain during the postpartum period. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP [Internet]. 2021 Apr 16;55:e03691. Available from: https://www.scielo.br/j/reeusp/a/4zfwq6ZsLnxWfBC3MrLWCvQ/

World Health Organization. WHO recommendations on maternal and newborn care for a positive postnatal experience. World Health Organization [Internet]. 2022;224. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240045989

Intrapartum care for a positive childbirth experience WHO recommendations. 2018; Available from: http://apps.who.int/bookorders.

Kim HJ, An JW, Lee Y, Shin YS. The effects of cryotherapy on perineal pain after childbirth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Midwifery. 2020 Oct 1;89:102788.

Prakash Salvi P, Gaikwad V, Sravani Ankem J, Nallani D, Ghonge S. A Comparative Study of Effectiveness of Cold Compression Therapy Versus Infrared Radiation Therapy on Healing of Episiotomy Surgical Wound. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine. 9:2022.

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